Facial fillers are flexible substances that can be injected into the skin to improve the appearance of small lines and wrinkles, enlarge lips, fill in cheeks, improve scars, lift deep grooves and repair various facial imperfections. The result is a smoother, younger appearance with minimal recovery time and maximum safety.
Men and women are using these rejuvenation techniques more than ever since fillers do not involve large surgery and are generally cost-effective. The aging process usually causes a loss of volume in the fatty tissue, since the collagen and elastin fibers begin to deteriorate. This most commonly occurs around the eyes, mouth, cheeks, jaw line, eyebrow area, and nasal bridge. These age-related changes produce feet of crow, expression lip wrinkles, furrows and forehead folds, and "hills and mountains" on the lower third of the face.
Facial fill has a unique ability to fill and circumvent the aged face, allowing the application site to be sculpted, restoring the vitality of appearance. A filler is injected below the surface of the skin. It corrects the line or wrinkle by elevating and smoothing the depression of the skin. Filling can also be done on the lips to create a more youthful appearance, or in the grooves of the cheeks to reduce a skeletal appearance. Facial scars because of acne or wounds also respond well to filling techniques.
There are a variety of fillers. They correct a wide field of imperfections, in addition to meeting the needs and expectations of the patient. Each filling brings distinct, tenuous benefits. Some provide long-lasting results, others allow greater accuracy in wrinkles, and still others can gradually make the face have a better balance, creating a generally rejuvenated appearance. Facial fill is considered the first line against aging of the skin and is often used in combination with other techniques for facial rejuvenation.
Commonly used fillers are:
Collagen - introduced almost 20 years ago, bovine collagen is one of the substances that has proven efficient. Some patients may be allergic to collagen produced by the cow, and therefore all patients are always given a test dose. Human-derived collagen is an alternative to patients who are allergic to animal products.
Botulinum toxin - although not technically a filler, very small amounts of botulinum toxin are injected into specific muscles of the face to immobilize or relax the latent cause of lines and wrinkles associated with expression. It is commonly used to improve forehead wrinkles, furrows between eyebrows and feet of crow.
Hyaluronic acid - like collagen, it is a natural and basic component of human skin, and serves to "float" the skin cells instead of filling the empty wrinkles, making it good for large furrows around the skin mouth and cheeks.
The filling process is relatively simple and can be done in the office of the professional to perform. Before starting treatment, and depending on the filler chosen, your doctor will administer skin tests to determine whether or not the patient can use it.
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